Beumers , Birgit and Sputnitskaya , Nina and Mélat , Hélène - Le cosmos comme terrain de jeu : l'espace dans l'animation soviétique et russe

slovo:5234 - Slovo, March 2, 2019, To the East of Pixar : Russian and Soviet Animated Film
Le cosmos comme terrain de jeu : l'espace dans l'animation soviétique et russe

Authors: Beumers , Birgit and Sputnitskaya , Nina and Mélat , Hélène

This article argues that, over the Soviet and into the post-Soviet era,outer space in animated films has turned from a new, unknown territory for conquestand exploration into an undesirable mirror of earth, from a utopia into a dystopia, aspace that is no longer desirable for habitation, inferring that it is earth itself whichhas become undesirable. Following the use of animation to create the effects necessaryfor a realistic representation of spaceflight (e.g. in the works of Aleksandr Ptushkoand Pavel Klushantsev), outer space served as a perfect alternative for the realisationof a socialist lifestyle. However, after the American landing on the moon a shift takesplace, which turns other planets into domestic and bourgeois little replica worlds, theequivalent of Soviet utopia under “developed socialism”. Colonization has less a politicalsignificance as one of finding alternative living spaces for families, with children and pets.Space travel is an experience and a test of maturity, where conquest no longer relevantand outer space is a playground for children and teenagers, providing domestic comfortand serving as a mirror reflection of earth with some technical attributes, whilst alwaysmaintaining a link with earth, which remains at the centre of the universe. In the newmillennium animated remakes and sequels show the infantilization of cosmic exploits(in the figure of Neznaika, or Dunno), portraying teenagers as rebellious hipsters, whileKu! Kin-Dza-Dza portrays the other planet as a dystopian space, undesirable for thecreative intelligentsia.


Source : oai:HAL:hal-02053319v1
Volume: To the East of Pixar : Russian and Soviet Animated Film
Published on: March 2, 2019
Submitted on: March 2, 2019
Keywords: utopy,dystopia,exploration,colonization,space,animation,utopie,espace,colonisation,dystopie,утопия.,дистопия,открыватели,колонизация,космос,анимация, [ SHS.ART ] Humanities and Social Sciences/Art and art history


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