Dehgan , Lauren - Baba Yaga’s Construstion and Evolution of a Myth in Russian Animation

slovo:5238 - Slovo, March 2, 2019, To the East of Pixar : Russian and Soviet Animated Film
Baba Yaga’s Construstion and Evolution of a Myth in Russian Animation

Authors: Dehgan , Lauren

Disney’s animation is accused of “americanizing” occidental folklore, butdoes soviet animation “sovietize” figure of the witch Baba Yaga? Far from the agitproppropaganda, the witch nevertheless serves the interests of the Party in an indirectmanner by shaping a feeling of national belonging. Supposedly “intemporal”, Russianfolklore is a construction related to the unaccomplished quest of a defined Russianidentity. Baba Yaga is a notable figure of a mythical past who keeps inscribing the national image in the tradition while she continues to evolve. The typical problem of anational soviet art defined by “being not” while not managing to define itself reachesits apex in the animated representations of Baba Yaga. The national symbol of thisfairy tale witch thus expresses the societal changes that Russia went through during thexxth century. From decade to decade, Baba Yaga evolves and becomes more modern.When she is animated, however, she preserves her visual identity with the repetition oficonic elements from movie to movie and remains identifiable at first sight no matterwhat technique is used. Crossing the xxth century without a wrinkle, Baba Yaga is oneof the pictures of the Russian folklore threatened to be occidentalized. Now a resilientfigure in feature-length movies that try to compete with American animated movies byimitating their processes while keeping a familiar national folklore, Baba Yaga subsistsas an essential point of reference in the history of soviet animation.


Source : oai:HAL:hal-02053350v1
Volume: To the East of Pixar : Russian and Soviet Animated Film
Published on: March 2, 2019
Submitted on: March 2, 2019
Keywords: cartoon,Russian animation,Soviet animation,fairy tales,witch,sorcière,contes de fée,animation soviétique,dessin animé,animation russe,баба-яга,сказка,русская анимация,рисованная анимация,советская анимация, [ SHS.ART ] Humanities and Social Sciences/Art and art history


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